Dezhou City is known as “China Solar City”, “China Functional Sugar City”, “China Central Air-Conditioning City”, “China Cereal, Oil and Food City”, “China Auto Parts Industry City”, “China’s Outstanding Tourism City” and “National Sanitary City”, and also named “Bio-Industry National Hi-tech Industry Base”, “New Energy Industry Base of National Torch Program” and “National Renewable Energy Building Application Demonstration City”. Besides, Dezhou is a national main transportation hub city.
Dezhou is located in the northwest of Shandong Province and at the north side of lower reaches of the Yellow River between 115°45′—117°36′E and 36°24′25″—38°0′32″N. It is bordered by Zhangwei New River to its north and close to the city of Cangzhou, Hebei; bordered by Wei Canal to its west and adjacent to the city of Hengshui, Hebei; borders on the city of Liaocheng to its southwest; and faces the city of Jinan to its south across the Yellow River and the city of Binzhou to its east. Dezhou is 320 km away from Beijing, the capital city of China. By spanning 200 km from east to west and 175 km from north to south, Dezhou occupies a total area of 10,356 km² which accounts for 7.55% of the total area of Shandong Province. Located at the junction of Beijing-Shanghai Railway and Dezhou-Shijiazhuang Railway, the city is cut through by Beijing-Shanghai (Fujian) Expressway, Qingdao-Yinchuan Expressway, Dezhou-Shijiazhuang Expressway and Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal as well as national highways of No.104, No.308 and No.205. Besides, Beijing-Shanghai High-speed Railway, Dezhou-Yantai Railway and Expressways of Dezhou-Shangqiu and Dezhou-Binzhou are under construction. The regional transportation advantages are therefore highlighted. In 2006, Dezhou was recognized as a national main transportation hub city.
Dezhou is located in the alluvial plain of the Yellow River. In history, there were two great migrations of the Yellow River taking place within its territory, causing dam burst for over a thousand times and resulting in the landform which inclines from southwest to northeast. The flooding and flow speed together with wind deposit led to the landform features such as rolling plain, alternating distribution of hills, hillside lands and low-lying lands, etc. There are various landforms in the whole city which can be roughly divided into three types: the first is highlands which were formed by fluvial and river bed deposits, covering 34.3% of the total land area; the second is hillside lands which were formed by Yellow River flooding and unconcentrated flow deposits, covering 52.1% of the total land area; and the third is low-lying lands, covering 13.6%.
The city is cut through by large trans-province rivers mainly including the Yellow River, Wei Canal and Zhangwei New River, and by backbone trans-city drainage rivers including Tuhai River, Dehui New River and Majia River. The above rivers, other than the Yellow River, all fall under the southern Haihe River Basin. Besides the above large trans-province and trans-city rivers, there are two large tributary rivers. each covering more than 1000 square kilometers in the city: The first one is New Zhaoniu River which is located in the south of Yucheng and the west of Qihe and falling under Tuhai River Basin; and the second one is Liuwu River which is located on the both sides of Chengong Dam, falling under Zhangwei New River Basin. There are also 12 tributary rivers each covering 300-1000 square kilometers in the city, including Wei River, Si New River, Guanshi River, Old Zhaoniu River and Dengjin River falling under Tuhai River Basin, all of which are located in the south of Tuhai River; Duma River, Song River, Ningjin River and Yuejin River falling under Majia River Basin; and Yulin River, Linshang River and Yuejin River falling under Dehui New River Basin. Other than the above major tributary rivers, there are 53 tributary rivers each covering an area of 100-300 square kilometers, and 114 tributary rivers each covering an area of 30-100 square kilometers, all of they basically form a water conservancy system which makes trunk rivers, tributary rivers and the basins connected with each other and is capable of drainage and diversion as well. However, since the Yellow River has fallen short of water resources in recent years and the rivers running within the territory of the city all fall under rainfall source rivers whose water volume is closely related to the climate characteristic of extremely uneven distribution of rainfall between the upstream area and the city. In rainy season, the rainfall surges and the water level rises, resulting in flood peak, and even developing into flood disaster; while in drought period, most of the rivers successively dry up.
Dezhou’s climate basically features significant influence of monsoon, four distinctive seasons, well-defined cold, hot, dry and wet seasons, drought, windiness and quick warm-back in spring, torridity and raininess in summer, coolness and more sunniness in autumn, and chilliness, less snow and more dryness in winter, which is characterized by a typical continental climate. There is plenty of sunshine resource with long hours of intense sunshine which are mostly distributed in the early and mid-term stage of crop growth, beneficial to the crop photosynthesis. The whole city enjoys an annual average of 2592 hours of sunshine with the sunshine rate at 60%, and the total solar radiation of 124.8kcal/cm², both at the national and provincial high levels. In terms of time distribution, the hours of sunshine peak in May and June with 280 hours of monthly sunshine duration, a daily average of 9 hours and the solar radiation up to 15kcal/cm². The annual average temperature in the city is 12.9℃. The extreme maximum temperature was 43.4℃ (taking place in Decheng District on July 23, 1955), while the extreme minimum temperature was -27℃ (taking place in Decheng District on January 15, 1958). The city enjoys a frost-free season of up to 208 days on average, normally starting from March 29 until October 24. The duration varies greatly from county to county with the longest season of 225 days in Wucheng County and the gap between the east and the west is nearly up to a month. The annual average rainfall in the city is 547.5mm with more rainfall in the east than in the west and more in the south than in the north. In terms of rainfall time distribution, the highest rainfall takes place in July and the average rainfall in the city is 190mm with minimum rainfall of only 3.5mm in January. In terms of rainfall distribution by seasons, 12.8% of the rainfall is distributed in spring, up to 67.7% in summer, 16.9 in autumn and only 2.6% in winter, which is characterized as a distinctive seasonal distribution with “less rain and more drought in spring, less rain and more sunniness in autumn, more rain and frequent waterlog in summer and less snow and more dryness in winter”.
By the end of 2013, Dezhou governs Decheng District, Leling City, Yucheng City, Linyi County, Pingyuan County, Xiajin County, Wucheng County, Qingyun County, Ningjin County, Lingxian County, Qihe County, Dezhou Economic and Technical Development Zone and Dezhou Yunhe Economic Development Zone. There are 88 towns, 19 counties and 27 subdistricts.
Dezhou is one of the most popular and vigorous cities in the Northern part of China. It covers an area of 10,000 square kilometers and enjoys good location, convenient transportation, rich resources, characteristic industries, high openness and inclusiveness. In 2014, its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) value is 260 billion yuan and foreign trade volume is 3.5 billion US dollars. Dezhou is one of the Top 100 National Comprehensive Economic Power Cities.
I. Excellent Location and Convenient Transportation
Dezhou lies inside China Bohai Economic Circle and connects 3 main economic regions of North China, East China and Central China. It is one the major transport hubs of China with a “three horizontal ones and three vertical ones” highway network including 19 national and provincial main roads and 6 expressways. It takes half an hour to Tianjin, 1 hour to Beijing, 4 hours to Shanghai by expressway, so Dezhou is inside the one day living circle connecting the developed regions of central China and east China.
II. Rich Resources as Strong Support
Rich in agricultural resources, Dezhou is the first “per mu yield of one ton and total regional yield of 10 billion catty (5 billion kilograms)” city in China. Rich in water and electricity resources, it draws water of 3 billion cubic meters from the Yellow River and the Huaneng Dezhou Electricity Factory has an installed electricity capacity of 2.63 million kilo watt hours. Rich in land resources, it has reserved construction land quota of 600 thousand mu. Rich in capital resources, we have hold 5 capital transaction meetings with accumulative signed contract and agreement capital of 200 billion yuan and accumulative paid-in capital of 64.2 billion yuan. Rich in human resources, it is named as the Urgent Technical Talents Cultivation and Training Base for Manufacture Industry and Modern Service Industry by the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Transport and other 4 ministries and committees. Dezhou is the only one vocational education creation development pilot place in Shandong province, having 4 universities and 35 middle and high level vocational education schools, training 200,000 students every year. It has established close cooperation relationship with about 220 famous institutes and 400 academicians and experts.
III. Strong Market Radiation Capability
Making Dezhou as the core, the area within the radius of 300 kilometers covers more than 30 middle and big cities, including Beijing and regional population of more than 300 millions. So it is one of the main consumption markets and sales markets of production materials.
IV. Complete Platform and Supporter
Dezhou has 2 national level development zones and 11 provincial level development zones. Especially making the Dezhou Expressway Station as the core, we have planned the Ecology, Science and Technology Town with an area of 150 square kilometers. Being made an investment of more than 20 billion yuan, the main road network has been built and the supporting facilities (water, electricity, heat, gas, sewage, post, telecommunications, closed circuit TV, paved roads and leveled ground) are available and accessible. So Dezhou is waiting for investments from other regions with a clean and empty land and good environment. It also planned 10 functional zones, including science and technology innovation, finance investment, etc. We will try our best to develop Dezhou to a Science and Technology Innovation Pilot Area within Bohai Economic Circle, a Modern Industries Cluster Area, a Ecological Construction Demonstration Area and a Foreign-oriented Openness Leading Area.
V. Characteristic Industries
Dezhou is painstakingly cultivating 10 industries clusters, among which the 4 traditional industries including Deep Processing of Agricultural and Sideline Products (foods), Equipment and Manufacture, Textile and Garment, Green Chemicals, are boosting quickly. It has a big quantity of key enterprises and international famous brands products. For example, Shandong Guoqiang Wujin Science and Technology Limited Company has cooperated successfully with Sweden Assa Abloy Company, the world lock leading company which merged the former with a total amount of 142 million US dollars. The other 4 new emerging industries including New Energy Resources, Energy Saving and Environment Protection, Biological Technology, New Materials and Electronic Information are growing healthily. Dezhou is the National Biological High Technology Industry Base and China Functional Sugar City with the biggest production capacity of xylo-oligosaccharides and xylitol in the world. The modern service industries including commerce, science, technology and finance, culture, sport and tourism are getting even stronger. Many domestic and international famous big commerce projects have been built and started business in Dezhou, for example Wanda Plaza, Macalline, Outlet Mall, Taiwan Lantian Plaza, etc. It exploringly arranged the government financing for supporting modern industries development and improving infrastructure facilities for companies doing investment in Dezhou. At the same time, all the industries zones have excellent conditions for accepting all kinds of transferred industries from other cities.
VI. Good Business Environment
Dezhou is named as China New Energy Resources Demonstration City, China Solar City, National Garden City and National Sanitation City. It has convenient and high efficiency governance, fair and equitable law legal system, inclusive and openness culture, honest and trustworthy financial environment. Many famous World Top 500 enterprises, including Goldman Sachs, Glorlous Glory, Shandong Teamgene Group, Wilmar China, GS Holdings Corp, Siemens and some Asian enterprises, including Want Want China, Everbright Water have opened business in Dezhou.
Jinshan Temple, Qingyun County
Yellow River Dam in Qihe
Booming Day-Harvest of Chilli
Highways in Dezhou
Night View of Linyi County